Liver transplant has turned into a revolutionary treatment for people who suffer from end-stage liver diseases, commonly acute liver failure or liver cancer. Though liver transplant surgery turns effectual in treatment of liver disease, it is highly important to take post-surgery care for preventing post-transplant infection, graft rejection, and recurrence of the disease. Following are some practices that you have to incorporate for having a successful long-term result of the transplant:
After the patient gets discharged from the hospital and returns home, the family members should keep this in mind that the house has got good ventilation. Again, the patient needs to wear a mask for the initial three months while visiting crowded places.
Nutrition And Diet
Post-operation, the patients have an insatiable appetite and it is considered a good indication. The patient should eat a protein-rich diet and drinking water should be safe. Again, the patient should not take salads and raw food besides sweets and fruits which can escalate the levels of blood sugar.
The patients need to follow a strict life after liver transplant as they suffer from an escalated danger of coronary artery disease because they develop a tendency to gain weight besides having high blood pressure and diabetes.
Medicines are important for the recovery method and so, it is never feasible for patients to skip the medicines that their doctors have prescribed. Only on rare occasions, wound care turns vital because healing tends to be slow in the recipients of a liver transplant.
Patients need to do regular exercise and they shouldn’t ever lift heavy objects that are more than 5 kg. This includes lifting babies or performing some abdominal exercises, like swimming and weight training before three months. Again, the patients can also get in touch with transplant physiotherapists for optimizing their schedule of exercise.
Lifestyle Changes After Liver Transplantation
Alcohol And Various Other Toxins
The transplanted liver can get damaged by chemicals that include alcohol and recipients need to avert the usage of alcoholic beverages post-transplantation.
Exposures To Toxic Chemicals
Numerous commonly used chemicals, like paint, pesticides, gasoline, paint removers, insecticides, and drain cleaners can turn out to be toxic and these substances’ fumes can become harmful to the recipients of a liver transplant.
A liver transplant recipient might drink municipal tap water but when the drinking water is gotten from a well or some questionable source, then the patient is advised to drink boiling water only.
Medical Alert Identification
The liver transplant patients need to keep a list containing current medicines close-by and it is recommended to keep them in the wallets only. Again, they need to wear some medical alert identification, like a bracelet or a pendant. These kinds of identification marks will alert other people regarding the medical status of the recipients even when they can’t communicate.
Staying Away From Pets
The life after liver transplant becomes a little hectic as the patient should distance himself from his pet too and he shouldn’t come close to his pet’s feces, vomit, or urine.
Though life after liver transplant doesn’t always come easy, yet patients recover within 6 months. They can resume their normal activities or join work within some months. The span of time that a person needs for recovering might depend on the illness of the patient.