Wires and cables is widely used in automotive industry. It is one of the arenas that need a lot of safety. Because they are completely significant for the wires and cables exports to make sure that they execute good amount of safety measures for any misshapen. The wires and cables exporters have to be assured that they give good importance to the safety measures as these wires and cables manufacturing units, storage units and even the exporting units are disposed to accidents and hazards, which can further lead to heavy financial losses. Wire is a single electrical conductor, whereas a cable is a group of wires swathed in covering. The term cable initially mentioned to a nautical line of multiple ropes used to anchor ships, and in an electrical context, cables such as wires are used to carry electrical currents. The automotive industry is continually under stress to optimize their processes in order to maximize competence to meet market expectations and demands. Electric cables, of which cumulative numbers are seen in present vehicles, have to come across with numerous constraints such as vibration, heat, hydrocarbons, and so on. The constituent materials even have to agree to difficulties of weight reduction.
Although the world of cables and wires is comprehensive, for the determination of suitability, they are categorized into four dissimilar sections as per their construction and use. Few of them are Coaxial cables, twisted pair cables, shielded cables and ribbon cables are the different categories, below which cables are categorized.
The most common kinds of cross-linked automotive wire are:
1. GXL: thin wall, most common type, works with most standard automotive connectors, rated to 125 degrees Celsius
2. SXL: standard wall, rated to 125 degrees Celsius
3. TXL: extra-thin wall, best for applications requiring minimal size and weight, rated to 125 degrees Celsius
Understanding Electrical Cable
Here’s a brief about cables that you need to comprehend to decide the correct cable for your needs.
- Types of Electrical Cables – There are more than 20 different types of cables available today, designed for applications ranging from transmission to heavy industrial use. Some of the most commonly-used ones include UTP cables, Ribbon cable, direct-Buried Twin-Lead Cable, TV and radio, Twinaxial Cable Paired Cable, Twisted pair and so on.
- Cable Color Code: Color coding of cable insulation is done to determine active, neutral and earth conductors.
- Cable Size: Cable size is the measure of individual wires within the cable, such as 14, 12, and 10 and so on.
Understanding Electrical Wire
Here’s few of the information on the numerous features of electrical wire that would help you select the correct composition from Wires & Cables manufacturers in India
- Types of Wires: There are 5 types of wires Triplex Wires, Main Feeder Wires, Panel Feed Wires, Non-Metallic Sheathed Wires and Single Strand Wires.
- Color Codes: Different color wires like black, red, white, green and yellow serve different purposes.
- Wire Gauge and ampacity: To determine the correct wire, it is important to understand what ampacity and wattage a wire can carry per gauge.
Know the Wire Types in automotive industry:
There are many types of electrical wire. Understanding which type is best for your application can be confusing. It is important to make the proper selection. Using the wrong type of wire can lead to failures and fires.
1. GPT or Primary Wire
GPT or Primary Wire is a wire you will see at auto stores. As its name suggests, it is a best to use for over-all purpose motorized wire. It gives a multi stranded flexible and core insulation creating it perfect for pulling via close-fitting spaces. It is typically rated to 80ºC. Although few of this is rated to 105ºC. It is resilient to oil, acids and chemicals.
2. SXL Wire
SXL Wire options a cross coupled synthetic resin jacket which will stand up to higher heat, abrasion, and aging higher than GPT wire. It’s typically the popular alternative in higher stress applications like race or industrial use vehicles. If you’re trying to find further sturdiness, this can be a decent alternative.
3. Battery Cable
Battery cable is typically used to connect the battery to the car’s electrical system (typically at the starter) and ground. It is larger gauge, heavier wire. Battery cables are most susceptible to corrosion.
4. Trailer Wire
Trailer wire is usually Primary wire or GPT that is colored and arranged for normal trailer applications. A lot of the trailers use a common coloring method that uses Yellow, Green, Brown, White, etc. for the numerous illumination functions.
It is often confused, but in detail, they are very much dissimilar. A wire is a solitary conductor (material most commonly being aluminum or copper) while cable is two or more cloistered wires enfolded in one jacket. Numerous electrodes that have no insulation around would be categorized as a solitary conductor.